According to the data, Polish food exports in 2018 were 8.3% higher compared with the previous year, and their growth exceeded the total growth in commodity exports by 1.3 pp in total.
There was an increase in the preserves of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants category – by 11.7%, with the main recipients of such goods being Germany (EUR 377.9 million, i.e. a 15.3% increase compared with the previous year), the Netherlands (EUR 115.7 million, i.e. an increase by 5.1%), and Russia (EUR 111.5 million, i.e. a drop by 2.5%).
The largest buyer of beverages, spirits and vinegar, with a 10.3% increase in sales, was France (EUR 116.3 million, i.e. an increase by 13.7%);
United Kingdom was the leader in the purchase of Polish meat, fish or crustaceans, mollusks or other aquatic invertebrate preparations in 2018
The leader in the purchase of Polish meat, fish or crustaceans, mollusks or other aquatic invertebrate preparations, with exports growing by 8.6%, was the UK (EUR 476.6 million, i.e. growth by 7.9%).
An increase in sales was also recorded for goods from the categories cocoa and cocoa preparations (6.8%) as well as preparations from cereals, flour, starch or milk; pastrycooks’ products (2.4%). The largest importer of goods from these categories was Germany whose purchases reached a value of EUR 303.6 million and EUR 483.9 million, respectively.
Exports of sugar and sugar confectionery products were lower than the year before – by 10.1%.
The largest non-European recipients of Polish food products included the USA (EUR 265.6 million), Israel (EUR 105.8 million), and Saudi Arabia (EUR 96.7 million).
Among the commodity items of most importance in food exports compared with the previous year, a high increase was recorded, among others, in sales of fruit juices (15.1%), waters, including mineral waters and aerated waters, containing added sugar or other sweetening matter or flavours (14.3%), cigars, cheroots, cigarillos and cigarettes, of tobacco or tobacco substitutes (11.2%), prepared or preserved fish; caviar (10.6%).
A drop in exports was observed, among others, for such commodity items as cane or beet sugar, and chemically pure sucrose, in solid form (by 12.3%), sugar confectionery (including white chocolate), not containing cocoa (by 7.5%).1
Products comprising Section IV of the Combined Nomenclature (CN), i.e. prepared foodstuffs; beverages, spirits and vinegar; tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes, were classified as food products.